All About Pipes

My tongue is getting hot, and I’m not enjoying my pipe. What am I doing wrong?

My tongue is getting hot, and I’m not enjoying my pipe. What am I doing wrong? Also, I can’t keep my pipe lit. What should I do or not do?

Although these are two separate questions, they are interconnected, and a general explanation of pipe smoking technique addresses both.

A pipe that goes out frequently and “tongue bite” are both symptoms of the same cause: not knowing how to properly fill and light a pipe. It bears mentioning that a quality pipe and good, fresh pipe tobacco are essential for a positive experience. If your customer purchased a cheap, shellacked pipe from a pharmacy pegboard along with a pouch of
mediocre commercial tobacco, he won’t get a good smoke regardless of proper technique. Opinions can vary as to the best method for successful pipe smoking, but the basic elements are universal.

1) Fill the pipe in stages, dropping a small pinch of tobacco into the bowl, then tamping down firmly. Repeat this process until the bowl is filled. If the pipe is new and unsmoked, you may want to fill the pipe half or two-thirds full, gradually increasing the amount every few smokes. This will prevent a new pipe from overheating during the “break-in” period.

2) Light the surface of the tobacco with a match or a soft-flame pipe lighter, puffing while rotating the flame to light the entire surface evenly. (A torch lighter is not recommended
for lighting a pipe. It produces too much heat and is too intensely focused, which can cause a pipe to burn out.) Once lit, the tobacco will rise up and tend to go out. Tamp the tobacco back down with a pipe tool (an aluminum pipe nail or even a golf tee will also work) until it is firmly repacked, then repeat the lighting process. If you puff somewhat vigorously while circulating the flame around the bowl, you should have a well-lit pipe. It’s best to keep puffing, at a more relaxed pace, to keep it going. Removing the pipe from your mouth to admire it, or your dexterity at lighting it, will only serve to let the pipe go out. Once the tobacco is well-lit, you can slow down to taking the occasional puff, roughly the pace at which you breathe.

3) Usually the pipe will go out about halfway down as the tobacco expands and produces a layer of ash. At that point, gently remove the ash from the surface, re-tamp and relight the tobacco. You should then be able to smoke all the way to the bottom of the bowl, leaving nothing but ash.

The reason for this is to ensure a proper break-in, coating the bowl with a carbon lining from the bottom up. The more the carbon “cake” builds, the cooler the pipe will smoke. At some point the carbon will become too thick and will need to be trimmed back, or “reamed.” The ideal thickness of the carbon lining should be between the size of a dime and a nickel. An adjustable reamer or the rounded blade of a pipe knife is ideal for this function.

The key point here is thorough lighting and, most important, tamping before relighting. A loosely filled pipe will not stay lit, causing frequent relights, which can result in a tongue that feels like a straw doormat! Naturally, dry or too finely cut tobacco and/or a poor-quality pipe will also contribute to tongue bite, but having eliminated those variables, it’s
the technique that can either cause or eliminate a hot smoke.

It should be noted that the avid pipe smoker should have enough pipes to rotate throughout the course of the day. A pipe needs the opportunity to cool off and dry out in between smokes. An over smoked pipe may become bitter from too much moisture and can crack or burn from the expansion of the wood during smoking. The briar needs to contract between smokes to prevent it from splitting.

For daily smokers, a minimum of two or three pipes is recommended, so that each opportunity to smoke utilizes a different pipe, ensuring a clean, dry pipe is always in rotation.

One final caveat is to keep your pipe clean. Pipe cleaners should be used periodically during the smoke, to absorb any moisture that may accumulate, and certainly after smoking, once the pipe has cooled and can be safely separated for a more thorough cleaning.

Residual moisture in the pipe can eventually turn the pipe sour and will cause the smoke to be wet. Using pipe cleaners is an inexpensive way to remove moisture from the mouthpiece and shank of the pipe and will add years of life to your favorite briar.

In addition to using pipe cleaners, the surface of the pipe’s mouthpiece should also be cleaned from time to time. The traditional material for a pipe’s stem is a hard rubber known as vulcanite. It’s durable and flexible but prone to oxidation, which can cause it to discolor and taste sour. Wiping the mouthpiece with a soft cloth after each smoke will help to retard oxidation. Pronounced oxidation can be polished off with a buffing wheel. Many of today’s pipes have an acrylic mouthpiece, which is impervious to oxidation, eliminating the need for polishing. Acrylic can still retain moisture inside, however, so a good swabbing out with pipe cleaners after each smoke is recommended.

Remember, a clean pipe is a sweet-smoking pipe.